The structural inspection examines the elements that hold the house upright from the roof to the foundation. Frame elements such as joists, rafters, beams, and floor sills are also inspected. The exterior of the home is evaluated as the well during the structural inspection.

Frame and Roof

  1. While not required to climb onto a roof, a visual inspection should be attempted.
  2. The underside of the roof is inspected from the attic space where exposed joists and rafters can show cracked elements.
  3. The underside of the roof is evaluated to see if there are water stains from either active leaks or from past leaks that have been repaired.

Foundation and Basement

  1. The exposed sections of the foundation walls are checked for cracks, bowing, bulging, and disintegration of the foundation wall.
  2. Exposed sections of concrete slabs are checked for cracking, uniform settlement or heaving.


  1. Evaluate the condition of the cladding or siding.
  2. A sample selection of windows is tested for function.
  3. Doors are inspected.
  4. Any outside buildings are inspected as well.
  5. Dry rotted or damaged wood elements may further indicate wood destroying insects.
  6. The general landscape is observed for proper drainage.


  1. Evaluate the interior structures of the home which include floors, ceilings, walls, closets, stairs and banisters, railings or exposed beams, rafters or columns.
  2. Kitchen cabinets and counters are evaluated.
  3. In an older home, a concern on the interior of a home is the presence of lead-based paint. Where paint is chipping and peeling a home inspector may recommend that the paint be tested for lead.